Willis Group acquired Hilb Rogal & Hobbs, one of the largest insurance brokers in North America. In 2004, MetLife sold the building to a group of investors including New York-based Joseph Chetrit, Joseph Moinian, Lloyd Goldman, Joseph Cayre and Jeffrey Feil, and Skokie, Illinois-based American Landmark Properties. Following the September 11 attacks, two of the largest tenants, Goldman Sachs and Merrill Lynch, immediately announced plans for vacating 300,000 ft2 of space. The tourist entrance can be found on the south side of the building along Jackson Boulevard. After a lengthy interrogation by Chicago's District Attorney and Fire Commissioner, Goodwin was officially released from jail. The design for Willis Tower incorporates nine steel-unit square tubes in a 3-tube by 3-tube arrangement, with each having the footprint of 75 ft × 75 ft (23 m × 23 m). The company merged with … Sin categoría [43], Although Sears' naming rights expired in 2003, the building continued to be called the Sears Tower for several years, despite multiple changes in ownership. It was both structurally efficient and economic: at 1,450 feet, it provided more space and rose higher than the Empire State Building and cost much less per unit area. Their team of Colombian-Peruvian architect Bruce Graham and Bangladeshi-Pakistani structural engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan designed the building as nine square "tubes" (each essentially a separate building), clustered in a 3×3 matrix forming a square base with 225-foot (69 m) sides. This month marked four years since the former Sears Tower was re-christened Willis Tower, and the new name has yet to stick.". [42], In February 2009, the owners announced they were considering a plan to paint the structure silver, an idea that was later abandoned. Of these, Petronas was the tallest in the category of height to the top of architectural elements, meaning spires but not antennas. A Willis spokesman said the naming rights were obtained as part of the negotiations at no cost to Willis, and the building was renamed Willis Tower on July 16, 2009. Time magazine called the name change one of the top 10 worst corporate name changes. The tower is home to more than 100 businesses including law, insurance, transportation, financial companies and more. Its roof is 1,450 ft 7 in (442 m) above street level or 2,046 ft (624 m) above sea level, the 103rd floor observation deck (The Sky Deck) is 1,353 ft (412 m) above street level or 1,948 ft (593.8 m) above sea level, and the Franklin Street entrance is 595 ft (181 m) above sea level. [27] The court's written opinion was filed on September 20, 1972. [43], Although Sears' naming rights expired in 2003, the building continued to be called the Sears Tower for several years, despite multiple changes in ownership. As part of the 1994 agreement, AEW and Metlife would be able to take official ownership of the building in 2003. [40] In response to the perceived threat of an attack, the building's largest tenant at this time, Ernst & Young, moved to North Wacker Drive in early 2009. [49][50] On May 29, 2014, the laminated glass flooring of one of the boxes shattered while visitors were inside but there were no injuries. The western antenna was later extended, bringing the overall height to 1,729 feet (527 m)[1] on June 5, 2000, to improve reception of local NBC station WMAQ-TV. As the construction of the building neared the 50th floor, lawsuits for an injunction were filed seeking to stop the building from exceeding 67 floors. [53] Of these, Petronas was the tallest in the category of height to the top of architectural elements, meaning spires but not antennas. Morgan Stanley plans to move to the building in 2019 and become its fourth-largest tenant by 2020. In 2008, Shanghai World Financial Center claimed the records of tallest building by roof and highest occupied floor. Structurae Version 7.0 - © 1998-2020 Nicolas Janberg. [69] Time magazine called the name change one of the top 10 worst corporate name changes and pointed to negative press coverage by local news outlets and online petitions from angry residents. Die Adresse lautet 233 South Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606. The building was most recently sold in 2015 and the new owners have a number of plans to redevelop the property. [46] In 2017, Blackstone announced a $500 million "facelift" for the property which would include the construction of a six-story commercial complex in the tower's plaza area. From 1969 to 1978, this record was held by John Hancock Center, whose antenna reached a height of 1,500 feet (457.2 m), 49 feet (14.9 m) taller than the Sears Tower's original height. In "1969", a Season 2 episode of the science-fiction series Stargate SG-1, the SG-1 team accidentally travels back in time to the titular year. In 2017, Blackstone announced a $500 million "facelift" for the property which would include the construction of a six-story commercial complex in the tower's plaza area. The all-glass boxes, informally dubbed "The Ledge", allow visitors to see the street below. The Willis Tower is considered a seminal achievement for engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan. In the ensuing controversy, four categories of "tallest building" were created. View down to South Wacker Drive from the Skydeck, A ground-level view of the multiple balconies at Willis Tower Skydeck, View of Willis Tower from John Hancock Center, The Eisenhower Expressway and Jane Byrne Interchange (looking west from Willis Tower), Three glass bottom skyboxes (top right) on the west façade of Willis Tower at the 103rd floor. [45] On August 13, 2012, United Airlines announced it would move its corporate headquarters from 77 West Wacker Drive to Willis Tower. Der Willis Tower (bis Juli 2009 Sears Tower) ist das höchste Gebäude der Stadt Chicago, gleichzeitig auch der derzeit zweithöchste Wolkenkratzer in den Vereinigten Staaten und das zwanzighöchste Gebäude der Erde. A thick fog settled in near the end of his climb, making the last 20 stories of the building's glass and steel exterior slippery. After selection of the latter site, permits to vacate Quincy Street were obtained. In 1969, Sears, Roebuck & Company was the largest retailer in the world. Meanwhile, the Illinois Citizens' Committee for Broadcasting requested the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) halt construction so the building would not interfere with television reception. The Skydeck elevators rise from Lower Level 2 which gives a total rise of approximately 1,382 feet to the 103rd floor. In the 2013 film Man of Steel, the tower is the location of the offices of the Daily Planet.[84]. The tower retained one record: its antenna exceeded Taipei 101's spire in height. Upon completion, One World Trade Center in New York City surpassed the Willis Tower through its structural and pinnacle heights, but not by roof, observation deck elevation, or highest occupied floor. In 1982, two antennas were installed which brought its total height to 1,707 feet (520.3 m), making it taller than the John Hancock Center but not One World Trade Center. Each list is ranked by height from the top down. Located on the 103rd floor at an elevation of 1,353 feet (412.4 m), it is the highest observation deck in the United States[citation needed] and one of Chicago's most famous tourist attractions. They will have to find some other means of ensuring reception such as taller antennas." It cost about US$150 million to build. As the construction of the building neared the 50th floor, lawsuits for an injunction were filed seeking to stop the building from exceeding 67 floors. Programmed by the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Chicago, it is equipped with Specific Area Message Encoding (SAME), which sets off a siren on specially-programmed weather radios to alert of an impending hazard. In the 2008 film The Dark Knight, it is part of Gotham City. This month marked four years since the former Sears Tower was re-christened Willis Tower, and the new name has yet to stick."[71]. [13] All nine tubes would rise up to the 50th floor of the building, where the northwest and southeast tubes terminate. The building was renamed in the year 2009 after the Willis Group Holdings company leased the naming rights of the tower. Text imported from Wikipedia article "Willis Tower" and modified on 14 May 2020 according to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. "[23] The Lake County state's attorney filed a notice of appeal to the Illinois Supreme Court, which ultimately decided in favor of Sears. A Willis spokesman said the naming rights were obtained as part of the negotiations at no cost to Willis, and the building was renamed Willis Tower on July 16, 2009. ", eighth-tallest freestanding structure in the world, List of buildings with 100 floors or more, List of tallest buildings and structures in the world, List of tallest buildings in the United States, List of tallest freestanding structures in the world, List of tallest freestanding steel structures, "Blackstone Group Purchases Landmark Willis Tower in Chicago", "Five things you need to know about pioneering architect Fazlur Rahman Khan", "A Day with United Management: Elite Status, Mileage Devaluation, and Increasing Change Fees", "Morgan Stanley moving second office to Willis Tower", "Inflation Calculator – Find US Dollar's Value from 1913–2015", "A CASE STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT, RE-FINANCINGS AND SALE OF NORTH AMERICA'S TALLEST BUILDING", "A Look at the Finer Points of the Sears Tower Sale", "MetLife to Complete Sale of Chicago's Sears Tower", "Sears Tower bomb plot leader Narseal Batiste jailed", "Sears Tower to Lose Largest Tenant - The Chicago 77", David Roeder. The building has appeared in numerous films and television shows set in Chicago such as Ferris Bueller's Day Off, where Ferris and company visit the observation deck. Willis Tower as seen from John Hancock Center observation deck. The suits alleged that above that point television reception would deteriorate and cause property values to plummet. Smaller floorplates required a taller structure to yield sufficient square footage. The new owners were rebuffed in renaming deals with CDW Corp in 2005 and the U.S. Olympic Committee in 2008. In 2008, Shanghai World Financial Center claimed the records of tallest building by roof and highest occupied floor. Do you really want to delete this item from your favorites? Login Eastdil, the commercial real estate firm handling the sale, thinks that London-based insurance broker Willis Group Holdings got a steal at $1 million per year for … The latter floor areas had to be designed to a smaller footprint with a high window-space to floor-space ratio to be attractive to prospective lessees. A thick fog settled in near the end of his climb, making the last 20 stories of the building's glass and steel exterior slippery. [81] Late Night with Conan O'Brien introduced a character called The Sears Tower Dressed In Sears Clothing when the show visited Chicago in 2006. In 2015, the Blackstone Group purchased the tower for a reported $1.3 billion, the highest price ever paid for a U.S. property outside of New York City. The building's name was changed to Willis Tower in July 2009 after the Willis Group bought the skyscraper. The Willis Group, a UK-based insurance broker will hold the naming rights until at least 2024. 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