Leaglism is represented by Han Fei (Han Feizi — founder), Li Si, Gongsun Yang, Shen Dao, and Shen Buhai. Legalism favors a complex system of rewards and punishments to control human behavior, while Confucianism places importance on virtuous rulers who teach the people by example. It stresses the importance of ruling the country by law, regardless of one’s relationship or position. government should rule the people. Orally Present Brief Review of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Legalism: Confucianism was started by Kung Fuzi (We know him as Confucius, but his name actually meant "Kung the philosopher"). It is based on the notion that law without morality is a weak basis for society. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Legalism was the approach that actually ended all the fighting, but at a heavy price: books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. ), a time of feudalism when today's China existed as … Learn. This essay will reveal the history of each philosophy's origin, and will reveal the main characteristics of each respected area. Daoism was a philosophy of universal harmony that urged its practitioners not to get too involved in worldly affairs. Mencius also contributed a great part to Confucianism, lived in the Warring States Period (389-305 B.C. Despite the differences in their origin, they are all ways of life which were followed by a number of people in China in the dynasty era (Berthrong, 2008). This Work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. The principle that “fortune relies on misfortune; misfortune hides in fortune” is also a key concept. significant cultural and intellectual expansion in China, a time when philosophers and schools flourished, Mohism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism each wanted to make a claim as to how Chinese civilizations should run. Author's Note: Sources: Interview with my History teacher. The Tao, which translates as the Way, Path, or Principle, serves as the cornerstone of the Tao Te Ching, which explains the nature, origin, component, and evolution of everything in the universe. The founder of Confucianism, Confucius, was a teacher and politician from Lu and he taught between 5 … Confucianism rose at the time of the Han dynasty when emperor Liu Bang eased all of the Legalism policies from the Qin dynasty and appointed Confucian scholars as advisers. Confucius taught the importance of four virtues: sincerity, benevolence, filial piety and propriety. We keep a close eye on China because of its influence now and the lessons we can learn from its ancient past to better our lives today. Taoism is represented by Laozi (founder), Zhuangzi (Zhuang Zhou), and Liezi (Lie Yukou). Match. Legalism would be the fastest and most effective system to restore stability to a nation. According to Daoism, having money and power does not matter. Legalism and Daoism are not the same. Instead, it only dealt with government and social control. While Confucianism and Daoism puts the onus on the individual to act in a certain manner both publicly and privately, Legalism puts the onus on the … Early Judaism. Confucianism Influence Very practical effect on government for the Han Dynasty. The three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. The idea behind it is that humans need to be connected with "the dao" or "the way of nature." Confucianism also advocates ruling the country by etiquette and convincing people by virtue. I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are … Confucius stressed the importance of education as the foundation of a stable and prosperous nation. There you have it: Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Almost all crimes had similar, harsh punishments. 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